Slaughter's Mountain -- Cedar Run
Location: Culpeper County, Virginia
Campaign: Northern Virginia Campaign (June-September 1862)
Date: August 9, 1862
Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks [US];
Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson [CS]
Forces Engaged: 24,898 total (US 8,030; CS 16,868)
Estimated Casualties: 2,707 total (US 1,400; CS 1,307)
Maj. Gen. John Pope was placed in command of the newly constituted Army of Virginia on June 26. Gen. Robert E. Lee responded to Popeís dispositions by dispatching Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson with 14,000 men to Gordonsville in July. Jackson was later reinforced by A.P. Hillís division.
In early August, Pope marched his forces south into Culpeper County with the objective of capturing the rail junction at Gordonsville. On August 9, Jackson and Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banksís corps tangled at Cedar Mountain with the Federals gaining an early advantage. A Confederate counterattack led by A.P. Hill repulsed the Federals and won the day. Confederate general William Winder was killed.
This battle shifted fighting in Virginia from the Peninsula to Northern Virginia, giving Lee the initiative.
Result: Confederate victory