Saint John's Bluff
Location: Duval County, Florida
Campaign: Expedition to St. Johnís Bluff (1862)
Date: October 1-3, 1862
Brig. Gen. John M. Brannan [US];
Lt. Col. Charles F. Hopkins [CS]
Forces Engaged: Expeditionary Force: 2 infantry regiments, a light artillery battery and detachment of the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry (total force 1,573) [US];
A small artillery and cavalry force [CS]
Estimated Casualties: Unknown
Brig. Gen. John Finegan established a battery on St. Johnís Bluff near Jacksonville to stop the movement of Federal ships up the St. Johns River.
Brig. Gen. John M. Brannan embarked with about 1,500 infantry aboard the transports Boston, Ben DeFord, Cosmopolitan, and Neptune at Hilton Head, South Carolina, on September 30. The flotilla arrived at the mouth of the St. Johnís River on October 1, where Cdr. Charles Steedmanís gunboats -- Paul Jones, Cimarron, Uncas, Patroon, Hale, and Water Witch -- joined them.
By midday, the gunboats approached the bluff, while Brannan began landing troops at Mayport Mills. Another infantry force landed at Mount Pleasant Creek, about five miles in the rear of the Confederate battery, and began marching overland on the 2nd.
Outmaneuvered, Lt. Col. Charles F. Hopkins abandoned the position after dark. When the gunboats approached the bluff the next day, its guns were silent.
Result: Union victory