The Cuban Missile Crisis
Violation of the Monroe Doctrine
The violation occurred when Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba and immediately submitted his country to the influence and virtual control of the Soviet Union. There was a lot of posturing and verbiage from Washington but the Monroe Doctrine was not enforced.
Cuba had long been a playground for wealthy Americans, especially organized crime. Just 90 miles off Key West, Florida, the dictator President, Batista, invited all who would pad his pockets to partake of the rousing night life and gambling tables. The country had evolved into two classes: The very rich on one hand, and the peasants on the other who either worked the sugar cane fields or labored in the cigar factories. By the late 1950's Fidel Castro had organized a band of rebels who hid in the mountains and began to attack the establishment. The American press, bleeding hearts dangling from their sleeves, embedded themselves with Castro's rebels and began to write about the wonderful Dr. Castro and his patriotic revolutionaries who were going to sweep the American scoundrels from Cuba. The press followed it's usual practice and received stories directly from Castro and his men without any follow-up investigation. The CIA followed it's usual practice and collected it's intelligence from the media. Castro assured everyone that his intentions were noble and that's all anyone wanted to hear.
A series of events followed:
On May 1, 1960, an American spy, Francis Gary Powers, flying a U2 spy plane, was shot down over Russia. The ensuing events completely consumed President Eisenhower's time.
On January 20, 1961, Eisenhower left office and Kennedy moved in.
As Castro's 'rebels' neared Havana, Batista took his millions and fled.
Castro took over and immediately announced that he was a communist, always had been and always would be. He then went to Moscow and solidified a deal for Soviet support. Tens of thousands of Cubans fled the country, landing in Florida and Central America.
Americans were outraged. Democrats blamed Ike and Republicans blamed Kennedy. Kennedy was handier because he was in office but he pulled a "Clinton" which is amazing because Clinton was just a young boy at the time. In public, Kennedy made it plain that the United States would not tolerate communism in this hemisphere. For weeks he postured, huffed and puffed, and cited the Monroe Doctrine as justification for action against Castro and the Soviets. He allowed it to leak that he would support an invasion of Cuba by the patriots who had fled, but he would not support direct involvement by Americans nor could the invasion be launched from American soil. The press vividly pointed out that direct involvement by America would start a nuclear war and end all life on the planet Earth. This sounded mysterious but logical to Americans, so they waited for alternative action.
The CIA then arranged for the Cuban exiles to amass in Nicaragua for an invasion of Cuba. The CIA arranged transportation, arms, training, and air support for the invasion. This was all leaked to the public and of course to Castro, but officially, "no comment."
The public was quieted and waited for the overthrow of Castro.
The invasion forces launched. AFTER they sailed, Kennedy withdrew air support. The patriots were NOT told and continued on their way to liberate their homeland. They landed in the Bay of Pigs, Cuba, and hunkered down to await American air attacks that never came. The patriots were quickly annihilated or captured by Castro's little band of hooligans that he arrogantly called an army.
Kennedy claimed that he had never FIRMLY committed to air support. Publicly he tried to blame the Nicaraguan government, Mexico, misunderstandings between the CIA and the Cuban patriots, the Cuban patriots, renegade CIA agents, and on-and-on. He did exactly what Americans love most: Threw out b.s. until the public agreed that the situation was confusing and we should just... move on.
The Soviets correctly saw the Cuban invasion fiasco as a sign of weakness and began to move nuclear missiles into Cuba. The U.S. failed to notice until the missile silos were nearly operational.
Kennedy had lost his magical appeal and much popularity. He was forced into an unnatural act for him since becoming president... make a decision. He challenged the Soviets by setting up a blockade around Cuba. The Soviet Union threatened a nuclear war despite the lack of missiles that could reach the U.S. or bombers to challenge the range of American B-52's.
Nevertheless, Kennedy negotiated with the Soviets and agreed to withdraw American missiles from Turkey and to freeze deployment of new nuclear weapons to Europe if the Soviets would withdraw their missiles from Cuba. The Soviets, grinning from ear-to-ear, agreed. -- With a single simple act, the U.S.S.R. had stalemated NATO.
The U.S. press gushed with excitement over the great victory. In fact, the press still gushes over the resounding victory achieved by Kennedy over the powerful Soviets and "The Missiles of October." Kennedy worshipers are seen today on TV during each presidential election cycle praising his bravery and lamenting how we reached the brink of nuclear annihilation but were saved by a 'profile in courage.'
Castro embarked on a crusade to export his revolution to South-America. He sent his finest "generals" into the region to spread the great benefits of communism. However, there were ingredients missing from the second "revolution;" there were no goodtimes (nightlife) for U.S. media in Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, and Columbia so the American press didn't go. On October 9, 1967, Che Guevara, Castro's Latin American guerrilla commander was executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia. Tired of listening to bovine scatology from Castro, peasants in the region assassinated other Castro generals and sent the rest fleeing back to Cuba. The 'great' armies of Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, and Columbia had achieved what the poor Americans could not... Defeat the 'mighty' revolution of Cuba.
Today, when American presidential candidates need Hispanic and Latino votes, they claim the Monroe Doctrine is in full force.
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